This book presents both the Egyptian and German experiences in local administration with a specific focus on decentralization. The German model which presents a stable national status with unified policies on one hand and a decentralized system with strong regional and local capacities on the other is presented as an inspiration for the ongoing administrative reform process in Egypt.
The German and Egyptian experiences are described by the authors of this book, Dr. Saleh El-Sheikh and Dr. Andreas Kalina, both exquisite experts on the topic with long national and international experience, who participated together in a workshop organized in Egypt in May 2015 by the Hanns Seidel Foundation in cooperation with its Egyptian partner the State Information Service on the same topic.
The book includes eight chapters shared by Dr. Saleh El-Sheikh and Dr. Andreas Kalina and is concluded with a short contribution by the Project Coordinator of the Hanns Seidel Foundation about the Foundation’s decentralization program implemented with the Nile Centers over the past years.
The chapters covered by Dr. El-Sheikh start with an introduction on decentralization from theory to practice then proceed to local democratic systems covering the political and legal context of the Egyptian local system. Dr. El-Sheikh also presented requirements for the reform of the local system through decentralization as well as a review of the Egyptian experience in civic education.
Dr. Kalina wrote an introduction to the process of transformation into decentralization followed by a review of the federal system and local governance in Germany as well as the municipal administration and modernization trends.
The valuable contribution of both authors was concluded with recommendations and an overview of lessons learned from the German experience.
An Executive Framework: Local Initiatives as a Model
Within the cooperation project with the State Information Service (SIS) titled “Nile Centers for Information, Education & Training: An Instrument for Sustainable Development in Egypt” the Foundation implemented a comprehensive program throughout several years to support local development initiatives in the various governorates of Egypt. In cooperation with its partner, the SIS/Nile Centers it organized workshops and training series on planning, implementing and evaluating participatory development initiatives for the Nile Centers’ staff and their local partners from the civic society and local administration.
Hanns Seidel Foundation together with the State Information Service agreed to publish this book in cooperation with experts from Takamol Foundation for Sustainable Development, based on their long national and international experience on participatory development.
This book is a manual presenting guidelines for participatory development within its 3 chapters, which include a theoretical background on the participatory development approach covering Egyptian policies and laws, then it presents an executive framework and practical methods for participatory development, focusing on local initiatives as a tool and finally concluded with a chapter describing local initiatives with practical steps as implementing guidelines giving examples of local initiatives implemented by the Nile Centers. It is published as a reference manual for those working on local initiatives with the hope that it would contribute to the achievement of real participation in the sustainable development process in Egypt.
A Practical Perspective for Administrative Reform in Public Organizations
Human resources development in public organizations has become an important issue due to the interest in improving the quality of public services and enhancing the efficiency of their organizations in order to adapt to current changes in an extremely competitive working environment. If these organizations are to achieve their goals, it is essential to start a reform process especially in human resources development through training. Training is an important means to develop employees and enable them and their organizations to achieve their designed goals. As training is mainly based on practice rather than theory, the idea of this book was to present a practical manual for a comprehensive training process; defining the trainer’s role, training needs, designing a training program, as well as focusing on the implementation of the training by the organizing institution and the trainer, and highlighting various conventional as well as modern forms of training evaluation.In this book, the author included his own experience, giving explanatory examples for the above mentioned training phases, and in the part titled "Various Experiences", as well as the part dealing with selecting trainers for Egyptian governmental organizations. As Egypt has enforced a new law regulating civil service, the author tackled the training aspect of this law and he found it as well important to include some theoretical aspects of training at the beginning; its definition and types along with highlighting “adult education” as the main focus of this book.
Transforming roofs of buildings into productive gardens
This booklet was issued as part of the mutual activities of the Hans-Seidel Foundation and the Nile Centers affiliated to the State Information Service, which aim at raising environmental awareness to contribute to achieving sustainable development goals.
In order to achieve this objective, a cooperation with the Arid Lands Agricultural Research and Services Center (ALARC), Ain Shams University started with an initiative to transform the roofs of buildings in some informal settlements into productive gardens that purify the environment and function as small income-generating projects implemented by using simple local materials.
The booklet includes an introduction to the concept and importance of roof gardening, as well as a definition of the concept of agriculture without soil and systems of hydroponics with a detailed explanation with photos of the used materials and the various crops of vegetables and fruits that could be planted on roofs.
MOVE Manual: Moderation and Visualization for Group Events
The “MOVE Manual” is seen as a tool to assist moderators of group events to achieve a successful communication and knowledge-exchange process in a dynamic environment, which stimulates interaction among the participants in spite of their diversified knowledge, experience and skills.
The method presented in this manual for moderating group events is based on “visualization” as a basic element and technique used by the moderator in planning and timing each activity, as well as monitoring the activities, and evaluating how far objectives are being achieved.
The presented methodology is based on the role of each member in the group, who should be encouraged to actively participate in the event, and explains also how to deal with problems or conflicts arising instead of ignoring them.
Presenting this Arabic translated version of the MOVE Manual is a contribution from the Hanns Seidel Foundation to support the sincere efforts towards achieving an active public participation within the process of sustainable development in Egypt with our best wishes for success.